Cloud Services
March 4, 2024

2024 Predictions: Mass Migration From The Cloud To The Edge

Cogent Infotech
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Dallas, Texas
March 4, 2024

In 2024, dissatisfaction with cloud services' cost, complexities, and reduced control is anticipated to drive customers toward adopting private cloud infrastructure and a heightened focus on deploying appliances at the edge. Notably, various technological advancements are expected to facilitate this transition.

Prepare for a bold forecast: a substantial shift from the cloud to the innovative frontier called "The Edge." It's a digital revolution where speed, efficiency, and innovation converge, challenging the status quo and opening up a new era of possibilities. This consists of all you need to know, especially predictions that promise to redefine how we navigate the digital skies in the coming year. The cloud, which used to be our digital haven, may soon witness a seismic exodus as businesses have set up their game to embrace The Edge.

What is Cloud Migration?

Cloud migration is a comprehensive plan for transitioning an organization's digital assets, encompassing services, databases, IT resources, and applications, from on-premises or co-located infrastructures to a cloud-based environment defines a cloud migration strategy. This strategy may involve a partial or complete shift, including transitioning from one cloud platform to another, often termed cloud-to-cloud migration.

The implementation of this strategy typically unfolds through five key stages: preparation, planning, migration, operation, and optimization. This process extends beyond transferring data from local data centers to well-known public cloud service providers like AWS, Google Cloud, or Microsoft Azure; it can also encompass moving from one cloud service to another. Critical considerations come into play for businesses embarking on their initial venture into the cloud. A well-designed cloud migration strategy acts as a guiding roadmap, ensuring a seamless transition that capitalizes on the operational efficiencies inherent in cloud platforms.

Reasons Why Organizations Are Driven To Migrate

1. Cost Efficiency:

Cost efficiency is paramount for organizations, and cloud services emerge as a pivotal solution. Managed services from cloud providers effectively minimize operational burdens, streamlining tasks like upgrades. The transition to the cloud becomes a strategic move for companies to substantially slash IT operational expenses, thereby liberating resources that can be redirected toward innovation. This innovation may manifest in developing or enhancing new products, marking a transformative aspect of migrating to the cloud.

2. Scalability:

Cloud computing facilitates seamless scalability, effortlessly adapting to larger workloads and accommodating more users than on-premises infrastructure. In traditional IT environments, expanding business services necessitated acquiring and setting up physical servers, software licenses, and network equipment.

3. Performance Enhancement:

Migration to the cloud results in enhanced performance and an improved end-user experience. Applications and websites hosted in the cloud can effortlessly scale to manage increased users or higher throughput. Additionally, they can operate in geographical locations that are near end-users, effectively minimizing network latency.

4. Digital Experience:

Cloud services and data become accessible to users from any location, whether employees or customers. This fosters digital transformation, elevates the customer experience, and provides employees with modern, flexible tools, contributing to a more dynamic and efficient work environment.

Key Steps in Cloud Migration

1. Establish your strategy and formulate your business case:

The fundamental question at the outset is, "What business value will be gained by transitioning to the cloud?" Cloud migration goes beyond a simple technological undertaking; it should be rooted in the specific business objectives that the company intends to accomplish. Based on these objectives, a cloud migration strategy and a business case for the move are developed. Essential elements include determining which applications are suitable for migration, the type of cloud environment they will inhabit, and the desired infrastructure.

2. Discovery and Assessment: What to Move, Where, and When:

Managing risk is integral to any business endeavor. While anticipating improved flexibility, cost efficiency, and control, it is imperative to consider how applications might perform amid significant infrastructure changes.

Businesses undertake discovery and assessment to understand their current state—scanning and evaluating their existing infrastructure, applications, and data landscape. This involves identifying the current architecture and determining the most suitable applications and data for migration to the cloud. Application discovery, dependency mapping, risk assessments, and pre-migration predictive analysis contribute to informed decision-making, minimizing risk and preserving service level agreements post-migration.

3. Cloud Migration:

This phase involves the substantial effort of moving elements to the cloud. It encompasses modernizing existing applications for the cloud, developing new cloud-native applications, and transforming architecture and infrastructure. The ultimate goal is to establish an entirely new technology operating model and culture that fosters quicker, more effective, and efficient innovation.

Automated management and tools are critical in executing a seamless migration and expediting the process while ensuring high quality, consistency, and repeatability. When combined with specialized skills and solution accelerators, these tools become part of a cloud migration factory that expedites the journey. A robust cloud journey management plan is also essential to maintain the effort's trajectory during this phase.

What Challenges Arise During Cloud Migration?

The process of migrating to the cloud is fraught with complexities and risks, presenting various challenges for organizations. Here are key issues frequently encountered as entities shift their resources to cloud environments.

1. Lack of Strategic Planning:

Many organizations embark on cloud migration without dedicating adequate time and attention to strategic planning. Successful adoption necessitates comprehensive end-to-end planning, considering that each application and dataset may have distinct requirements, demanding a tailored approach. A clear business case for each workload earmarked for migration is imperative.

2. Cost Management:

Cloud migration often encounters issues with organizations not establishing clear Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) to gauge their intended expenditure or savings post-migration. This absence of clarity hinders the assessment of migration success from an economic standpoint. Cloud environments, marked by dynamism, pose challenges as costs swiftly change with the adoption of new services and the growth of application usage.

3. Vendor Lock-in:

Vendor lock-in emerges as a prevalent challenge for adopters of cloud technology. While cloud providers offer diverse services, many are not transferable to other cloud platforms. The process of migrating workloads from one cloud to another is both time-consuming and costly. Organizations may initially adopt cloud services only to later find it challenging to switch providers if the current one does not align with their evolving requirements.

4. Data Security and Compliance:

Data security and compliance stand out as major impediments to cloud migration. Cloud services adhere to a shared responsibility model, where the provider secures the infrastructure while the customer assumes responsibility for securing data and workloads. While providers furnish robust security measures, configuring them correctly and ensuring appropriate security controls for all services and applications become the organization's responsibility.

The migration process introduces security risks, particularly in transferring large volumes of potentially sensitive data and configuring access controls across diverse environments.

Strategies for Cloud Migration

Seven distinct cloud migration strategies exist, commonly called the "7 Rs," initially coined as the "5 Rs" by Gartner. These strategies encompass various approaches to cater to diverse organizational needs during migration. Here is a brief overview of each strategy:

1. Refactor/Re-architect:

Transform an application by modifying its architecture and leveraging cloud-native features to enhance agility, performance, and scalability. This often involves porting the operating system and database.

2. Replatform (Lift and Reshape):

Transfer an application to the cloud, incorporating optimizations to exploit cloud capabilities.

3. Repurchase (Drop and Shop):

Transition to another product, often adopting a Software as a Service (SaaS) model instead of traditional licensing.

4. Rehost (Lift and Shift):

Migrate an application to the cloud without making changes to utilize cloud-specific features.

5. Relocate (Hypervisor-Level Lift and Shift):

Shift infrastructure to the cloud without new hardware, application rewrites, or adjustments to current operations. Technologies like VMware Cloud facilitate this migration approach.

6. Retain (Revisit):

Maintain applications in their original environment, either due to the need for significant refactoring that can be deferred to a later time or because legacy applications remain in place without sufficient business justification for migration.

7. Retire:

Remove applications that are no longer necessary in the original environment.

What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing refers to the on-demand accessibility of computing resources over the internet, encompassing applications, physical and virtual servers, data storage, networking capabilities, and more. These resources are housed in a remote data center managed by a cloud services provider (CSP), typically made available through a monthly subscription fee or usage-based billing.

Compared to traditional on-premises IT infrastructure, cloud computing offers several advantages, including cost reduction by offloading the expenses and efforts associated with acquiring, installing, configuring, and managing on-premises infrastructure. It enhances agility and time-to-value, enabling organizations to swiftly deploy enterprise applications and empowering users, particularly developers and data scientists, to access software and supporting infrastructure independently.

Cloud computing facilitates easy and cost-effective scalability. Its elasticity allows organizations to adjust capacity according to fluctuations in traffic, avoiding the need to invest in excess capacity that remains underutilized during periods of low demand. Leveraging the global network of cloud providers, applications can be strategically located closer to users worldwide.

The technology underpinning cloud computing involves virtualized IT infrastructure, where servers, operating systems, and networking components are abstracted through specialized software. This abstraction enables the pooling and division of resources without being constrained by physical hardware boundaries. For instance, a single hardware server can be partitioned into multiple virtual servers.

Virtualization is crucial for cloud providers to optimize data center resources effectively. Many organizations have embraced the cloud delivery model for their on-premises infrastructure, reaping benefits such as heightened utilization and cost savings compared to traditional IT models while offering self-service capabilities and enhanced agility to end-users.

In our daily lives, whether utilizing cloud applications like Google Gmail or Salesforce, streaming services such as Netflix, or cloud-based file storage like Dropbox, we invariably engage with some form of cloud computing.

What is Edge Computing?

Edge computing represents a distributed computing framework strategically placing enterprise applications in close proximity to data sources such as IoT devices or local edge servers. This proximity to the origin of data yields substantial business benefits, including accelerated insights, enhanced response times, and improved bandwidth availability.

IoT devices' remarkable proliferation and heightened computing capabilities have led to an unprecedented surge in data volumes. This trend is expected to persist and intensify with the expansion of 5G networks, facilitating an increased number of connected mobile devices.

While the initial promise of cloud and AI was to automate processes and expedite innovation by deriving actionable insights from data, the unparalleled scale and intricacy of data generated by connected devices have surpassed the capabilities of existing networks and infrastructure.

The conventional approach of transmitting all device-generated data to a centralized data center or the cloud has presented bandwidth constraints and latency challenges. Edge computing emerges as a more efficient alternative, where data undergoes processing and analysis in close proximity to its point of origin. By eliminating the need for data to traverse extensive networks to reach a cloud or data center for processing, edge computing significantly mitigates latency issues. The integration of edge computing, particularly in conjunction with mobile edge computing on 5G networks, not only facilitates swifter and more thorough data analysis but also opens avenues for deeper insights, faster response times, and enhanced customer experiences.

Transitioning to edge computing necessitates carefully considering various factors to harness the untapped potential within the vast data generated by connected devices. This transition opens avenues for discovering new business opportunities, enhancing operational efficiency, and delivering faster, more reliable, consistent customer experiences. Optimal edge computing models play a pivotal role in boosting performance by locally analyzing data. A well-thought-out approach to edge computing ensures that workloads adhere to predefined policies, safeguard privacy, and comply with data residency laws and regulations.

However, some challenges come with it. An effective edge computing model should proactively address network security risks, navigate management complexities, and contend with the constraints posed by latency and bandwidth limitations. A viable model should empower organizations to:

  1. Manage Workloads Across Clouds and Devices: Seamlessly handle workloads across diverse cloud environments and on various devices.
  2. Deploy Applications Reliably to All Edge Locations: Ensure the consistent and reliable deployment of applications to all edge locations.
  3. Maintain Openness and Flexibility: Retain an open and flexible stance to adapt to evolving needs and technological advancements.
  4. Operate Securely and Confidently: Operate in a secure environment, instilling confidence in the overall edge computing operations.

Post-pandemic Tech Landscape: Anticipated Trends

In the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic, several facets of the virus have left a lasting imprint on the edge computing and data security landscape. This enduring impact, coupled with the prevailing economic conditions marked by potential recession concerns and ongoing disruptions in the hardware supply chain, has remarkably bolstered the trajectory of the edge computing landscape. The post-pandemic era has ushered in a heightened emphasis on security best practices and related pertinent topics.

In months to come, several discernible trends are anticipated to shape the technological landscape:

  1. Universal Surge in Edge Computing: The growth of the edge computing market is poised to accelerate universally. This surge is attributed to varying-size organizations recognizing the imperative to process, store, and often analyze data at the edge. The traditional approach of running all applications in the cloud has become untenable due to cost implications, latency issues, and uptime constraints.
  2. Elevated Focus on Ransomware and Cybersecurity: Ransomware threats and cybersecurity risks continue to dominate the concerns of company executives. The evolving landscape of threats and the inherent peril breaches pose to business continuity, and revenue underscore the prediction that data security will emerge as a primary agenda for the C-suite. Many organizations are vulnerable due to a lack of a comprehensive enterprise-wide data security strategy. While highly visible data center and cloud applications typically receive robust protection, smaller and edge sites remain susceptible, often perceived as challenging and costly to secure. However, the landscape is evolving with the availability of new cybersecurity technologies capable of addressing data protection, cost, and complexity issues.
  3. Extended Retention of Video Data: Companies are anticipated to retain video data for more prolonged periods compared to the past, driven by government regulations in various industries mandating the preservation of surveillance video for 18 months or more. Notably, regulations like those applicable to retailers selling firearms exemplify this requirement. Forward-thinking companies are exploring innovative ways to analyze video content for business improvement, cost reduction, or competitive advantage. The increasing uncertainty about the retrospective analysis timeframe necessitates a growing need to store video data for extended durations. For instance, major retailers may analyze shopper traffic over extended periods to optimize store layouts and enhance revenue generation, highlighting the evolving role of video data in strategic decision-making processes.

The Global Edge Computing Market

With a notable valuation of $11.99 billion in 2022, the global edge computing market is poised for substantial growth. Projections indicate an increase from $15.96 billion in 2023 to $139.58 billion by 2030.

As of 2022, the edge computing market has already demonstrated significant traction, reflecting its integral role in the evolving technological landscape. The current valuation of $11.99 billion underscores the growing recognition and adoption of edge computing solutions worldwide.

It was predicted that in 2023, the market is expected to experience further expansion, reaching a projected valuation of $15.96 billion. This anticipated growth signifies the continued demand for edge computing capabilities and its increasing relevance across various industries.

The most compelling aspect of this trajectory is the long-term outlook, with a forecasted market size of $139.58 billion by 2030. This exponential growth highlights the transformative impact and sustained relevance of edge computing in shaping the digital landscape over the next decade.

The global edge computing market is not only on a growth trajectory but is also set to redefine the technological landscape, making it a key area of interest and investment for businesses and stakeholders across diverse sectors.

Key Expectations for Edge Computing

When considering edge computing, whether it's cloud edge, IoT edge, or mobile edge, it's crucial to seek solutions that can effectively achieve the following key goals:

  1. Manage Software Distribution at Scale: Efficiently handle the distribution of software on a massive scale, reducing the need for unnecessary administrators, cutting associated costs, and deploying software precisely when and where it's required.
  2. Leverage Open-Source Technology: Embrace an edge computing solution that fosters innovation and can adapt to the diversity of equipment and devices in today's dynamic marketplace by leveraging open-source technology.
  3. Address Security Concerns: Ensure the right workloads are allocated to the appropriate machine at the right time. Implement an easy-to-use system for governing and enforcing enterprise policies, addressing security concerns comprehensively.
  4. Engage a Trusted Partner with Industry Expertise: Collaborate with a trusted vendor possessing extensive industry expertise and a proven multi-cloud platform. Look for a comprehensive portfolio of services to enhance scalability, accelerate performance, and fortify security in edge deployments. Inquire about extended services that optimize intelligence and performance at the edge.

The Transition from Cloud and the Significance of Edge Computing

The global shift toward cloud migrations has witnessed early adopters and swift followers reaping the benefits of cloud technology, including speed, agility, scalability, and predictable costs. However, as the cloud trend peaks, a more substantial wave—namely, edge computing—is on the horizon. Edge computing fundamentally entails situating processing power close to data sources, enabling local decision-making rather than relying solely on the cloud. This transformative shift is set to revolutionize the technological landscape.

To quantify its impact, leading technology research organizations anticipate double-digit growth in the edge market until 2025. According to Marketsandmarkets, the edge computing market is projected to grow from USD 53.6 billion in 2023 to USD 111.3 billion in 2028, with a compound annual growth rate of 15.7% during the forecast period.

The intelligent edge comprises a new breed of devices integrating computer vision, artificial intelligence (AI), predictive analytics, and robotic process automation (RPA). These devices process data locally and autonomously, make decisions, and implement changes on the spot. This occurs at a speed and level of responsiveness unattainable through remote cloud processing. Simultaneously, a subset of the data can be transmitted to the cloud for centralized analysis and reporting.

This drive to embed intelligence at the edge is propelled by the escalating demand for speed and sophistication in enterprise operations, aiming for heightened efficiency and productivity. However, emerging priorities like sustainability, privacy, and security are gaining prominence. From a sustainability perspective, local data analysis and decision-making reduce the need for constant massive data transfers to and from the cloud, resulting in greater energy efficiency.

Key Trends Shaping Edge Computing in 2024

As we enter 2024, the technological landscape is undergoing a rapid transformation, with edge computing reclaiming its position as a pivotal player in this dynamic journey. The edge computing paradigm, designed to bring computation and data storage closer to the source of data generation, is poised to witness groundbreaking trends in the upcoming year.

1. Artificial Intelligence (AI) at the Edge: Redefining Local Processing

The era of artificial intelligence has transcended the boundaries of massive data centers, making a profound entrance into edge computing. In 2024, the integration of AI at the edge will experience a significant upsurge. This evolution empowers devices to process data locally, minimizing latency and amplifying real-time decision-making capabilities. Anticipate a surge in applications such as image and speech recognition, natural language processing, and autonomous systems, unlocking new dimensions for innovative AI applications.

2. Automation's Role in Enhanced Efficiency: Streamlining Operations

Automation stands as a cornerstone in the evolution of edge computing. As the number of connected devices continues its upward trajectory, the complexity of managing and orchestrating them grows in tandem. 2024 will witness the ascendancy of intelligent automation systems adept at adapting to dynamic edge environments. These systems will streamline operations, optimize resource utilization, and ensure seamless connectivity, marking a significant stride toward enhanced efficiency and reduced reliance on human operators.

3. Security and Privacy at the Forefront: Safeguarding the Edge Ecosystem

With the proliferation of edge devices, the spotlight on security and privacy intensifies. In 2024, the edge computing landscape will experience a heightened emphasis on implementing robust security measures. This includes adopting secure communication protocols, encryption techniques, and AI-driven threat detection systems. Concurrently, privacy-centric design principles will gain prominence, ensuring responsible handling of user data in alignment with regulatory standards. As edge computing integrates further into daily life, establishing trust through enhanced security and privacy practices becomes paramount.

4. Edge Containers for Flexible Deployment: Embracing Containerisation

Containerization, a nimble and scalable technology, leaves an indelible mark on edge computing. In 2024, the prevalence of edge containers will witness a notable rise, facilitating the consistent operation of applications across diverse edge environments. This flexibility in deployment becomes pivotal for accommodating the varied hardware and connectivity constraints inherent at the edge. The adoption of container orchestration platforms, exemplified by Kubernetes, will simplify the management of containerized applications, fostering a more agile and scalable edge infrastructure.

5. 5G Adoption for Low-latency Connectivity: Catalysing Innovation

The advent of 5G networks emerges as a transformative force for edge computing. The augmented bandwidth and low-latency connectivity offered by 5G empower edge devices to communicate and share data at unprecedented speeds. In 2024, the widespread adoption of 5G is set to catalyze the growth of edge computing, particularly supporting applications demanding real-time responsiveness—ranging from augmented reality to autonomous vehicles and smart cities. The synergy between edge computing and 5G heralds a new era of connectivity and innovation, shaping the landscape for the foreseeable future.

The Shift Towards Private Cloud Infrastructure and Edge Appliance Deployment

As we enter 2024, a discernible shift is anticipated in the technology landscape, marked by a growing dissatisfaction with the cost, complexities, and perceived loss of control associated with cloud computing. The trajectory points towards a resurgence of interest in private cloud infrastructure and a strategic focus on deploying appliances at the edge. This strategic move is underpinned by noteworthy technological advancements, streamlining the transition for organizations contemplating this shift.

The evolution of servers stands out as a key facilitator, characterized by their reduced size, enhanced speed, and unprecedented data storage capacities. These solutions' compact footprint and cost-effectiveness empower customers to deploy them seamlessly across numerous sites, ranging from dozens to hundreds or even thousands. Simultaneously, hypervisor providers are gearing up to enhance the affordability and speed of their solutions, intensifying competition and aiming for increased market share—anticipated to be catalyzed further by Broadcom's imminent acquisition of VMware. This shift is notably influenced by the recognition that many cloud solutions tend to be prohibitively expensive, laden with unnecessary features for processing edge data.

A pertinent illustration lies in IT management within convenience and retail stores—compact setups dispersed across multiple sites often devoid of on-site IT personnel. Traditionally reliant on cloud outsourcing for their IT needs, these businesses have realized the inefficiency and high costs associated with running applications in the cloud, especially when dealing with copious amounts of data generated at each store.

The surge in the adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies at these retail establishments is poised to exponentially expand the dataset, presenting unprecedented quantities of data. As advanced analytics takes the helm in resolving real-time challenges, the demand for data at the edge is set to soar. However, a pragmatic approach dictates that only a fraction of this data will be transmitted offsite to corporate data centers or the cloud. Consequently, the forecast for 2024 foresees edge data management emerging as the preferred IT footprint for retailers worldwide. This strategic pivot promises both cost-effectiveness and a more streamlined and efficient approach to handling the burgeoning volumes of data generated at the edge.


Predicting specific industry trends for the future, especially for a specific year like 2024, involves uncertainties. However, based on current trends, there is a significant expectation for mass migration from the cloud to the edge in 2024. This shift is attributed to various factors, such as the growth of edge computing, the need for enhanced performance, the increased adoption of 5G for low-latency connectivity, and a focus on security and privacy. While predictions provide insights, industry developments may vary based on evolving technologies, market dynamics, and unforeseen events.

With edge computing emerging as a key player, organizations are expected to experience transformative benefits, ranging from enhanced performance to improved efficiency. The anticipated trends include the integration of Artificial Intelligence at the edge, increased automation for operational efficiency, heightened focus on security and privacy, the rise of edge containers for flexible deployment, and widespread adoption of 5G for low-latency connectivity. These developments underscore a dynamic and innovative future where the edge shapes how businesses leverage technology to gain a competitive edge. As the winds of change usher in this new era, companies are poised to chart their course toward a digital future that unlocks unprecedented possibilities and efficiencies. To read more informative blogs, visit Cogent Consulting today.

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